The City of Trece Martires (Filipino: Lungsod ng Trece Martires) is a third-class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. The city serves as the seat of government of the Cavite, where many of the provincial government offices are located. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 90,177 people in a land area of 49.10 square kilometers.
It is named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, who were executed by the Spaniards on September 12, 1896.
Trece Martires City is strategically located at the heart of the Province of Cavite. Its major source of income is real property taxes. Agriculture has long been neglected in favor of commercialism and industrialization. With its 14.75% growth-rate, the projected population by 2010 is 110,000. The major cause of this ballooning population is in-migration (which is gladly facilitated by the LGU even though it is not sustainable, in order to support the incumbents for the upcoming 2010 elections).
The most noteworthy fact about this city is its cleanliness and the absence of any form of gambling. The city has been awarded in the fields of nutrition, health services, cleanliness, literacy, education and social services. With its small land area and its income, the city is fairly manageable in terms of public works, infrastructure and provision of basic services to the residents.
The city government provides the following assistance to its indigent: financial, medical, emergency, school fees and burial expenses. It has extensive programs for the elderly, solo parents, out-of-school youths and mothers. One of its most admirable programs is their blood donation activity every March, May, September and December; Balik Eskwela (school supplies distribution to all public elementary and highschool students); clean and green; revitalization of agricultural lands, high school and college scholarship and their livelihood programs. These programs all look good on paper, but are mundane in actuality.
Before its declaration as a city, Trece Martires used to be a remote barrio of Tanza called Quintana, which was a friar land of the Santa Cruz de Malabon Estate. It was settled in the early 19th century by families from Indang, Amadeo, General Trias, Tanza, and Batangas. Because of the remoteness of the barrio, development came at a slow pace, even after the end of the Second World War. It was not until 1954 that progress were made when President Magsaysay signed its ratification as a chartered city with the governor of Cavite serving as ex-officio city mayor. The city was named after the thirteen martyrs of Cavite that were executed by the Spanish at the height of the Philippine revolt against Spain in the late 19th century.
Trece Martires was instated as the provincial capital of Cavite on January 1,1956 with the governor still serving as the ex-oficio mayor. It was not until 1992 that the city’s charter was amended to allow for the election of its city official through ballot voting. In its existence as a city, Trece Martires has received multiple awards in the fields of social services, literacy, education, nutrition, health services, and cleanliness.
Trece Martires City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays (4 urban and 9 rural). It is not coincidence but design that the city was subdivided into thirteen barangays; this was planned by Senator Justiniano Montano and Congressman Jose Cajulis, who played a major role in creating the city. Each barangay was named after one of the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite to commemorate their bravery and heroism. Below are the names of the thirteen baranagys and the name they carried before the City’s Charter was passed on May 24, 1954.
De Ocampo (Quintana I)
Lallana (Panukang Gubat)
San Agustin (Quintana II)
Aguado (Fiscal Mundo), you can find the Southville II Resettlement
Inocencio (Bagong Pook)