The Municipality of Silang (Filipino: Bayan ng Silang) is a first class landlocked municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 199,285 people in an area of 209.4 square kilometers. Silang is located in the eastern section of Cavite. This is the location of Philippine National Police Academy.
The name Silang was derived from the Tagalog word silanganan meaning “east”, because the town is seated at the eastern portion of Cavite. A legend claims that it was coined from the Tagalog word isinilang or “given birth to”, referring to the sudden and unusual emergence of the parish church. It may also refer to the new emergence of the land from the eruption of Taal Volcano on May 15, 1754. Whereas, 3 barangays of Silang are called Tubuan I, II & III. One of the oldest towns in Cavite, Silang may have been founded in the year 1571, though there are other dates being claimed by some authorities. Its roots, however, are traced by tradition to the time of the ten Bornean Datus who migrated northward on board balangays. Its first settlers were Gat Hingiw, his wife Gat Kaliwanag and their seven children. Their children moved to different places of the town and established their respective barangays. Another version of Silang’s origin is based on research conducted in 1953, when Don Bernabe Javier Manahan, Don Gervacio dela Cruz, and the people of Silang purchased the area from King Ferdinand VI of Spain for 2,000 pesetas on March 9, 1746. A different story recounts that Silang originally belonged to the encomienda of Diego Jorge de Villalobos. In 1585, the Franciscan Order Fathers, the Society of Saint Catholic Parish, the Jesuits, Augustinian Recollects, Belgian Fathers, the Society of Saint Columban, and other religious congregations successively took over the Silang parish until 1978, when its administration was finally relinquished to the Imus Diocese. Originally, Silang’s territory extended to what are known today as the towns of Carmona, Amadeo, Indang and General Trias.
The municipality of Silang is approximately 45 kilometers south of Manila. General Trias, Dasmariñas and General Mariano Alvarez (GMA) bound it on the south and on the west by Amadeo. Silang is noted for its relatively cool and invigorating climate.
Silang, like most of the towns in the province of Cavite, depends on a mainly agricultural economy. The primary crops grown in the area are coconut, coffee, corn, banana, pineapple, and tree crops like mango, lansones, caimito, santol, jackfruit, guava, and avocado. Fertile soils and abundant water sources make Silang suitable not only for common commercial crops but also for high value and exotic crops production. Most of the local farmers practice intercropping to increase land productivity and lessen soil erosion. Fruit production exceeds the demand of the municipality’s population, thus, supply excesses are marketed to Metro Manila and neighboring urban centers. A number of poultry and swine farms are also located in some rural barangays. Manufacturing and trade, aside from agriculture are Silang’s other major sources of income. Trade and investments grew tremendously with the influx of both Manila-based and foreign investors. Total investments were estimated at P2.5 billion between 1996 and 2004, which helped bring about the employment of 3,000 people. Despite the slow down of progress in the year 2004, Land Value still soared, allwoing investors to infiltrate and start business. The investment trend resulted in the increase in the price of prime realty from P3,000 to P15,000 per square meter and from P150 to P500 per square meter for raw lots in interior barangays. Trade establishments in Silang include gasoline stations, convenience stores, lumber/hardware traders, groceries, resorts, and hotels.
Mayor: Clarito A. Poblete
Vice Mayor: Herminigildo M. Linaja
Sangguniang Bayan Members:
Ivee Jayne Reyes
Marcos C. Amutan
Aristedes Jose Virgilio D.A. Velazco
Rosalie B. Loyola
Jose A. Patawe
Lamberto A. De Castro
Alfredo L. Toledo
Eduardo A. Batingal