Its location, southwest of Metro Manila makes Bacoor an important gateway to Metro Manila. This is further reinforced by the fact it contains the south end of the Manila-Cavite Expressway. Bacoor is among the key areas and the fastest growing municipalities in Cavite together with Imus and Dasmariñas, mainly because of their location. Two SM malls are located in Bacoor. During weekdays many residents leave the district to go their places of work in the metropolitan areas such as Manila and Makati cities.
With a population of 441,197 inhabitants, Bacoor is now the most populous municipality in the Philippines after the conversion of Dasmariñas into a city which is the former most popolous. The 2007 Census of Population conducted by the National Statistics Office. It also registered the highest average family income in Cavite in 1997 and 2000
The house that served as the headquarters of the Philippine revolutionary government in Bacoor, Cavite in 1898.
Some accounts indicate that the town of Bacoor, also named Bakood or Bakoor (named after a species of bamboo), was founded in 1671. When the Spaniard troops arrived in “Bacoor”, they met some local inhabitants in the process of building a fence around their house. The Spaniards ask the men what is the city’s name, but because of the difficulties in understanding each other, the local inhabitants thought that the Spaniards were asking what they are doing. The men answered “Bakood”. It was then pronounced Spanish which is “Bacoor” by the Spaniards soldiers and was soon officially called “Bacoor”.
Bacoor was also the site of the Battle of Zapote Bridge in 1899 which involved Philippine and American troops. It was in this battle where Gen. Edilberto Evangelista was killed.
In the aftermath of the Philippine Revolution which coincided with the declaration of the first Philippine independence on June 12, 1898, Bacoor was designated as the first capital of the Philippine Revolutionary government by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo until it was transferred to Malolos, Bulacan. “Gargano” was then the revolutionary name assigned to Bacoor by Aguinaldo’s henchmen.
Bacoor has developed into a site of commerce. Trade, banking and the service sectors are Bacoor’s primary income earners. Commercial activities are sporadic throughout the municipality ranging from wholesale to retail establishments, restaurants and eateries, hardware and construction supplies and other service-related industries, especially those located in SM City Bacoor where it serves as the town’s main income earner. The mostly residential area of Molino is also home to SM Supercenter Molino at the corner of Molino Boulevard and Daang Hari. The entrance area from Coastal Road to Aguinaldo Highway in Talaba and the area surrounding the Zapote Public Market (now the Bacoor Public Market) are other commercial centers. Bacoor has branches of 11 different commercial banks all over the municipality.
Land use developments in Bacoor include a proposed industrial village in Barangay Niog which will include light cottage industries with supporting residential and commercial facilities. A vast track of land in Molino area, on the other hand, is envisioned to host residential, institutional and commercial facilities. Dubbed as the New Bacoor, the land use plan in Molino seeks to utilize the area not only as a dormitory for individuals who work in Manila but also for people who have migrated to Bacoor in search of economic advancement. The proposed urban waterfront development, which will cover a portion of the reclaimed area of Manila Bay, will be the front door of the municipality linking Bacoor to Boulevard 2000. The area will include an integrated mix of residential, business, commercical, tourism and recreational facilities. The proposed expansion of the LRT (Light Rail Transit) to wind up in Bacoor, designed to ease to flow of traffic in major thoroughfares, is another major development.
Crops, the productive area of which has lessened to only 100 hectares while fishponds which likewise decreased to almost half of the original 760 hectares. Salt production, fishing, oyster and mussel culture, which are now being threatened to near extinction because of pollution and overpopulation, are the other sources of income of the residents. These industries are also threatened by the construction of the Manila-Cavite Coastal Road Extension which will directly affect the Bacoor shoreline. The construction is not yet finished, thus affecting traffic flow in and out of Bacoor and the whole province of Cavite, as the the town serves as the gate of the province. Very heavy traffic congestion is experienced by motorists due to unjustified traffic schemes, and poor and slow road maintenance especially during rush hours when most motorists travels in and out of the province to work on the nearby cities of National Capital Region. Bacoor is currently experiencing a rapid shift from an agriculture based economy to a residential/commercial urban center.
Bacoor is politically subdivided into 73 barangays.
P.F. Espiritu I (Panapaan I)
P.F. Espiritu II (Panapaan II)
P.F. Espiritu III (Panapaan III)
P.F. Espiritu IV (Panapaan IV)
P.F. Espiritu V (Panapaan V)
P.F. Espiritu VI (Panapaan VI)
P.F. Espiritu VII (Panapaan VII)
P.F. Espiritu VIII (Panapaan VIII)
Queens Row Central
Queens Row East
Queens Row West
San Nicolas I
San Nicolas II
San Nicolas III